6TH International Conference

Impasse, Crisis and Working-through

Bucharest, 31 Oct – 2 Nov 2014



This year, the choice of the theoretical and clinical matrix of reflection within the VI-th International Conference of the Romanian Society for Psychoanalysis - Conference that  brought together psychoanalysts from different schools and paradigms, from Romania and from other three countries, France, Britain and Italy -, is placed at the confluence of the concerns existing in the worldwide psychoanalytic movement. I am referring to a suite of themes already chosen at various symposia, conferences, congresses of psychoanalysis, such as, for example, "Ruptures" – the European Psychoanalytical Federation Conference, this year, or on "Too much - Not enough", next year, or "Facing the pain "- the theme of the International Psychoanalytical Association Congress, last year, or the next year, ”Changing world: the shape and use of the psychoanalytic tools today", or the theme of French Language Psychoanalyst Congress (CPLF) this year, ”The Actual in Psychoanalysis”. Together with my colleagues from the Scientific Committee of the RSP, we considered, because of the affiliation of our Society at the international psychoanalytic movement and thinking, that the theme, "Impasse, Crisis and Working-through" represents an extensive interest for us, the Romanian psychoanalysts, also for the participating public, and for the psychoanalysts - honorific invitees. The Conference`s theme was comprising at least three dimensions of approach: a / the clinical and psychoanalytic practice; b / psychoanalysis in the professional group and the role of the institution; c / and the social field, the society, and its current dynamic influences and impact on psychoanalysis in general.

The Romanian Society of Psychoanalysis, compared to many Societies form other countries, is a very young one. They are almost 25 years (in February 2015) since it was founded as the first post-revolutionary institutional structure, a national one, called Romanian Psychoanalytic Society. As IPA Study Group, it was formed in 2000, but as Society, component of IPA, a provisional one today, they are only three years, respectively since August 2011. These configurations of the Romanian Society of psychoanalysis - with their historical moments, their turning points and sometimes with their impasses, blockages, crisis, but also with a good and constant evolution of the functioning in background -  is continuously requiring a good training in psychoanalysis, respecting the international standards and rules, an important scientific activity in conjunction with the European and international psychoanalysis, and also a strong institutional management and administration, not very easy to maintain sometimes, and in conformity with existing national institutions and laws. Therefore, this theme of the Conference is also an opportunity for the Romanian psychoanalysts to reconsider  the Romanian historical roots of psychoanalysis, to redo and work-through together, from different generations, our moments of impasse in the clinical practice, in training and supervisions, in the paradigmatic or theoretical changes, to really overcome the state of emergency or the institutional crisis in which we are trapped by default anyway, as long as there are already, for several  years, a generalized state of political, economic, social, cultural crisis in the whole world.

I will attempt an overview of all the works presented to our Conference, a kind of synopsis, following le fil rouge that weaves all of them, so that I could say that is one monograph with various chapters. We have followed Jacques André (APF), in his explorations and questions about the Ego – that Ego that Freud had simply borrowed from the popular psychology, and made it one of the psychic instances, since 1920. The Ego is not only a subject, it can be an object as well, it can be loved or hated, it can oppose to itself, it can split, criticize or abuse… Is the Ego analysable or not? According to which method? Or, more modestly put, is it changeable, corrigible?   On some questions, André Beetschen (APF) answered in his paper by referring to the impasse that often occurs in the impossible termination of a psychoanalysis, which makes the established process fail. Freud’s testimonial text “Analysis Terminable and Interminable” offers the subject profound leads with respect to resistances by means of driving fixations and the impossible transformation of the Ego. The author explore the particularities of the transference and countertransference, when a “familiarization with the analytical situation” leads to the expulsion from the analytic “site” of the ”stranger” or of ”the analytic third”, and thus keeping away the risk of delirium or collapse. We have followed on, with Françoise Coblence (SPP), how difficult the analytic process can be, within a free-payment analysis in an institution, and the termination of the treatment proving to be very difficult to accomplish. Based on a clinical sequence, the author pointed out how a dream and the inter-analytic exchange around its interpretation have allowed for re-launching the process of elaboration and leaving behind the impasse, as well as the risk of an interminable analysis. In tuning, we saw how joined the Simonetta Diena (SPI) paper, on clinical and theoretical difficulties encountered in working with patients suffering from severe eating disorders, compulsive, that seem to live in a mental reality devoid of mental representations of emotions, and the impasse in the analytic relationship, the eternal checkmate, the continuous feeling of eternity without movement, covering a void so dangerous and terrifying. François Richard (SPP), concerned by the process of the cure – which is also the process of subjectivization – that meets an impasse when the patients, who are very capable of assuming our interpretations, still have the impression that they are not sufficiently acknowledged. Here we can turn to the Freudian notion of Nebenmensch, and to “the acknowledgement intervention”, for which he gave an example, in order to untie the transferential-countertransferential knots which have become inextricable because the analyst doesn’t notice from which archaic transferential place  his voice is being heard.  Also in the spectrum of the narcissistic patients, Daniela Luca (RSP) emphasised the impasses, disruptions in treatment, the analytical errors, on the nature of negative therapeutic reactions, and which requires a rearrangement of the setting, a rethinking of the psychoanalytic technique and ethics, a re-elaboration of the countertransference and of what is meaning now the “internal supervisor” position, such that the different faces of Narcissus today can be analysed with few or rare disappointments, both of the patient and the analyst. In this respect, Bogdan Sebastian Cuc (RSP) presented the intrusion of the psychoanalytical settings by the actual brings about the impasse of the elaboration and of the psychoanalytical process. How are overcome these moments and especially what it means to overcome those moments and continue the development of the psychoanalytical process is a challenge that has no solution, but rather a series of testimonials of essays that allows the psychoanalysts to access various forms of understanding, which are depending on their own experiences unelaborated or impossible to be elaborated. The issue concerning the analytic setting, the framework and rules of psychoanalytic ethics is approached by Brînduşa Orăşanu (RSP), who tried to draw some distinction between the possible directions that might develop deadlock moments of psychoanalytic cure and explores the ethical implications of these possible directions. Approaching more and more profound, the setting and the professional group, the role of the institution as a third party, as found in the work Gianina Micu (RSP), that queries herself and queries us with hope, to what extent the psychoanalytic institution may become necessary and viable third party to sublimate personal anxieties, excesses narcissistic envy or hatred, or just inability adaptive content placing them in a respectful institutional atmosphere, able to support the evolution of thought and independence of each practitioner of psychoanalysis. And the psychoanalytic thread is woven on the paper of Rodica Matei, by approaching the social trauma, the psychic sufferings in Romania nowadays have the origin in the unspoken and unthought traumas, in the sense of not “working through”, traumas suffered by our predecessors. In the analytic cure, we find ourselves in front of an urge of retrieval of the identity and the retrieval of the family tradition family, which aims to heal transgenerational sufferings. An analysis of the phenomena occurring at the social level shows the spontaneous movements of restoration of the link fractured by the social trauma.


This year we enjoy to have included, for the first time in the Conference`s scientific programme, a Panel of "Psychoanalysis and Film", a natural continuation of our professional group, most of us being already passionate about "psychoanalysis and film", "psychoanalysis and literature", "dance and psychoanalysis", "psychoanalysis and dramatic arts," "psychoanalysis and painting" etc. The Panel - “From love to violence, as portrayed in Radu Jude’s film Everybody In Our Family” - was coordinated by Andrea Sabbadini (BPS). We have invited also the Director of the movie, Radu Jude, and the third discussant the film was Bogdan Sebastian Cuc (RSP). Of course, we hope that this first panel of "Psychoanalysis and Film", organized within the Conference program to have a continuity, year after year, in the following editions.


The extraordinary presence of Dr. Stefano Bolognini, the President of the International Psychoanalytical Association, was for us a real honour, a great privilege, and especially a guarantor of the scientific value of our Conference, and of other activities of the RSP, a recognition of the institutional progress, and also a good human capacity of linking. We are grateful to Dr. Stefano Bolognini for his generosity to coordinate a Clinical Group for the RSP Candidates, a vivid, cohesive and fruitful one, and also to give a Plenary Session on the experience of impasse in the analytic process, such a frequent occurrence in our professional practice. Dr. Stefano Bolognini presented the possible technical options when facing impasse situations: some authors seem to be in favour of long-term “lysis strategies”, relying on spontaneous solution of the impasse state after adequate assistance and holding; while others consider a more active interpretative technique more helpful. He proposed some thoughts on what actually happens in many treatments, that is: a crisis, in spite of any possible strategy, tactic, technical intentional option or theoretical perspective. The crisis is exactly what both analyst and patient have to pass through, for unavoidable repetition and for vital shared experience, beyond every voluntary, pre-decided attitude. The Unconscious bypasses the defensive Ego barriers of both patient and analyst, and the analytic task requires the analyst to be tolerant, open-minded and resigned to the impossibility of controlling, foreseeing or planning the most difficult passages of the process.


Ph.D. Daniela Luca

RSP Vice-President

Scientific Coordinator