Indian Psychoanalytical Society

The above picture is the logo of the Indian Psychoanalytical Society – the combined image of Hindu God Shiva and his consort Parvati – half male and half female - symbolising bisexuality of human beings.

Indian Psychoanalytical Society was established on 26th January, 1922. Its founder, Dr. Girindrasekhar Bose (more popularly known as G. Bose) (1886 – 1953) had a medical degree from Calcutta University in 1910, a Master’s in psychology from Calcutta University  in 1917. In 1921 Dr. Bose was awarded the D.Sc. degree of Calcutta University for his original thesis The Concept of Repression. This same year records the beginning of contact between Bose and Freud when Bose sent a copy of his thesis Concept of Repression to Freud for his comments. On May 29th, 1921, Freud writes in reply that he was “glad to testify the correctness of its principal views and the good sense appearing in it.” When it was published as a book, Freud wrote in its preface that “It was a great and pleasant surprise that the first book on a psychoanalytic subject which came to us from that part of the world (India) should display so good a knowledge of Psychoanalysis, so deep an insight into its difficulties and so much of deep-going original thought…”. Correspondence between Bose and Freud continued till 1937. This correspondence has been published by the Indian Psychoanalytical Society in the form a book. Interest in the Bose-Freud correspondence is still alive. Very recently the Library of Congress, USA, sought our permission to upload it in its Freud archive for research purposes.  Livio Boni – an Italian researcher also has sought our permission to translate it in French. The French translation is scheduled to be published in 2018.

Bose’s views are original and differed in important respects from those of Freud. His concept of repression is known as the theory of opposite wishes which substantially differs from Freudian concept of repression. Bose also differed from Freud in the importance of castration complex in the resolution of Oedipus complex. He did not find castration complex playing such an important role among his Indian patients. In
his A New Theory of Mental Life also Bose posited a theoretical ego instead of Freud’s tripartite division of mind into Id, Ego and Superego and claimed that many theoretical problems of psychoanalysis can be solved with his theory of opposite wishes and theoretical ego.

Bose had deep and profound knowledge of Indian Philosophy and applied his knowledge of psychoanalysis to give them a new interpretation. He wrote more than 40 articles and authored about 10 books. This account should not make you think of him as a serious and unsmiling person. He was a good magician and would entertain children with his magic shows. He also used his skill in magic to develop rapport with the rural patients who were scared of coming to a mental doctor to get their mental health problems treated.


Bose ran a free outdoor chamber in his home to treat mental patients. He was a humanitarian, a devoted teacher, an efficient editor, and a good administrator. One of his most important contributions is the establishment of Lumbini Park Mental Hospital (1938) – a hospital devoted to the indoor and outdoor treatment of mental patients. Starting from a 3-bed hospital it grew into an 80-bed hospital – the largest private mental hospital run by any psychoanalytical society at that time. However, in 1980s it was taken over by the State Government because of labour problems.

Dr. Suhrid Chandra Mitra, Dr. Tarun Chandra Sinha, D. Sc., Dr. Shib Kumar Mitra, Dr. D. N. Nandi –are all our past presidents and all are eminent educationists and/or psychoanalysts.


The Head office of the Society is located in Kolkata at 14, Parsi Bagan Lane, Kolkata700 009. We have our Mumbai and Delhi chapter also.

The Society has two wings – The Indian Psychoanalytical Society and the Indian Psychoanalytical Institute. The Indian Psychoanalytical Institute offers training in psychoanalysis and an elected Board runs its administration. The President and the Secretary of the Society are ex-officio members of the Board.

The Society is run by a Council which has the President, the Secretary, Assistant Secretary/secretaries and a number of members. Members of the Council and Board are elected from all three chapters of the Society - Kolkata, Mumbai and Delhi.  We have currently 32 full members and 40 candidates undergoing training.  Our present Council and Board have the following members:



Prof.(Dr.) Pushpa Misra


Ms.Sarala Kapoor

Assistant Secretary

Dr.(Ms.) Jhuma Basak

Ms. Suvra Chunder

Ms. Micky Bhatia

Mrs. Mallika Akbar


Mr. S. Forbes

Dr.(Mrs.) Bani Pain



Director of the Institute

Prof. (Dr.) Pushpa Misra


Mrs. M.K. Dastur

Dr.(Ms.) Jhuma Basak

Ms. Suvra Chunder

Ms. Micky Bhatia

Mrs. Purnima Gupta

Mrs. Mahasweta Biswas

Dr.(Mrs.) Tultul Ghosh (Aich)

Dr.(Mrs.) Bani Pain


The major task of the Board is to look after the training procedure from selection of candidates to their final evaluation including forming the syllabus and making arrangements for theory classes.

The Institute also offers a one-year Psychiatric Counseling Course with the aim to equip the students with the basic counseling skills. The response to the course has been very encouraging.


The Society runs a Psychiatric Clinic – Girindrasekhar Memorial Clinic – established in 1970. Since then the Clinic with the help of expert psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychoanalysts has been offering mental health services to the poorer section of the society for a nominal charge. Currently three psychiatrists are regularly sitting at the Clinic offering their services to the mentally afflicted people.

The Society organizes two memorial lectures – Dr.G. Bose memorial Lecture and Dr.N. N. De Memorial Lecture every year besides orgamizing workshops, seminars and conferences periodically.


Late Prof. Arup Ghoshal with the speaker                                      Dr. Payel Dutta delivering the 5th Dr. N. N. De memorial Lecture  


In 2018, our Mumbai chapter is organizing their annual conference in collaboration with Australian Psychoanalytical Society.                           

Outreach activities

In order to encourage interest in psychoanalysis, the Society has provided affiliation to a six-month certificate course on the basic theories of psychoanalysis conducted by the Department of Psychology, West Bengal State University at Barasat.

At the inaugural function of the certificate course




Our members are also teaching theory classes to interested students at Ahmedabad and Bangalore – two big cities of India with the aim of creating awareness about psychoanalytic theory and therapy. These efforts are proving very fruitful.


The Society has a good library exclusively for psychoanalytic books. It has 2500 books. The library is not yet computerized. The card system still prevails. We plan to computerize it soon. Our present librarian is Dr. Bani pain.


Library of Indian Psychoanalytical Society


Our distinguished visitors

Being one of the oldest component societies of the IPA, we have been fortunate to have very distinguished visitors to our Society  - some of them legendary- Carl Gustav Jung, Prof. G. M. Carstairs, Dr. W. H. Kiernan, Prof. Samuel Z. Orgel, Dr. Joseph Sandler, Dr. Samuel Erlich, very recently Dr. Laura katz and others. Our recent most distinguished visitor was Alexandra Billinghurst, Vice President of IPA.


Alexandra Billinghurst delivering G.Bose Memorial Lecture        Alexandra Billinghurst, prof, Arup Ghosal & Sarala Kapoor



Society’s own English tri-monthly journal Samiksa was started in 1947under the able editorship of Dr, G. Bose who remained its editor till his death. It was in Samiksa that the Bose-Freud Correspondence was first published serially. After 2008 it isbeing published bi-annually due to paucity of funds.

The Bengali journal of the Society “Chitta”,  meaning “The Psyche”, was a very popular journal. It has a very big contribution in spreading awareness about psychoanalysis and mental health problems in the general population. It publication was discontinued in the early part of 1990s.

Chitta – the Bengali journal of IPS.

Special issue of Samiksa published on the occasion of 150th anniversary of Freud on the occasion of 150th anniversary of Freud.




Bose also compiled a Bengali dictionary of all major psychoanalytical terms which was first published in 1953 and reprinted in 1972 – an invaluable contribution for the people of this State.


Dictionary of Psychoanalytical terms.

There has been a spurt of interest in psychoanalysis in the last 10- 15 years. This was evident from the large number of our members participating in the Asia pacific conference, 2017.



Dr. Pushpa Misra launching her book              Dr. Minnie Dastur presenting her paper in the

Scientific Status of Psychoanalysis:                 main section of Asia Pacific Conference.

Evidence and Confirmation at the

Asia pacific conference.

In addition, Dr. Mickey Bhatia, Ms. Sarala Kapoor, Dr.Nilofar Kaul, Ms. Gauri Salvi
participated meaningfully in the Conference.

I would like to end with a happy note. The Asia Pacific Conference of 2022 will be held in Kolkata, India, to celebrate the centenary of the Indian Psychoanalytical Society. On behalf of the Society we invite you all to attend the conference and encourage us to contribute meaningfully to the science of psychoanalysis.


We are happy to present a short video of our Society