PSYCHOANALYTICAL SOCIETY OF MENDOZA
OUR PAST AND OUR PRESENT En español
The first province in Argentina to form psychoanalysts and set up a society was Mendoza, situated on the foothills of the Andes and far from the established training centers. For this miracle to occur some factors would take place favoring its development. In the first place, the founding of the National University of Cuyo (UNC) in 1939, the creation of the School of Medicine at the UNC and a few years later the opening of the chair in Psychiatry. These were the conditioning factors. The determining one was the arrival of Dr. Horacio Etchegoyen who would occupy the position of interim professor in Psychiatry.
Dr. Echegoyen, our dear Horacio, was the touchstone for the foundation of our society. Our origins are strongly marked by his influence.
Horacio had the capacity and charisma as to gather a significant number of psychiatrists interested in psychoanalysis. Some psychologists were later added to this initial group. Apart from his duty as professor, he also organized study groups. This was the seed that would later become our Society.
Etchegoyen extended his classes on psychiatric phenomenology with explanations of greater depth from psychoanalysis. This, plus the initiation of medical psychiatrists in the psychoanalytical formation became intolerable for the authorities at the UNC, bluntly reactionary, who took every means necessary to exclude Dr. Etchgoyen from the subject. And they succeeded. During those times, students taking the streets to defend Horacio, began “the heroic stage”. They were the Reformist Association, which would later be called Franja Morada.
But luck had already been sowed. Etchegoyen eventually returned to Buenos Aires and soon afterwards traveled to London where he would remain for some years.
The budding group from Mendoza stayed united with the purpose of continuing the steps to constitute itself a Society. Some time later Dr. Clara Baringoltz arrived to Mendoza as a didactic analyst with the aim to analyze the group members’ training, while from APA, psychoanalysts would come on a monthly basis to give seminars and supervision insights.
It took the charter members’ great determination and at the International Congress in Paris in July of 1973, the SPM was recognized by the IPA as a ‘Study Group’. In 1981, at the International Congress in Helsinki, a ‘Provisional Society’ was designated and in 1983, at the Congress in Madrid, a ‘ Member Society’.
From that moment on, our Society was in condition to form its own analysts using the classic model by Eitingon. By so doing and gradually, new generation of analysts were formed.
After an institutional crisis, around the year 2000, with a loss of 30% of its members and graduates who did not form another IPA group, an important transformation and democratization process began at SPM.
We had active presence at IPA’s House of Delegates (actual Board of Representatives) and at FEPAL’s Board of Commission. Our members from SPM also integrated comissions representing our institutions.
Our Institution participated and participates today at national and international activities regarding training, Working Parties and training in the analysis of children and adolescents at regional organizations. Our training analysts also have an active participation at OCAL and IPSO. This past September, the IV Annual Symposium of SPM, took place at our headquarters along with the Argentine Candidate Day.
One other traditional activity is our Psychoanalytical Transandenean Workshop that has been taking place uninterruptedly for 38 years. It consists of a scientific annual exchange where the Chilean Society of Psychoanalysis alternates with our Society, including the participation of the Peruvian Society.
As additional activity to the training seminars and the official supervisions, every fourth Saturday of each month, group supervisions of candidates take place by psychoanalysts from other societies.
We have two Scientific Departments: the Psychosomatic and Children & Adolescents Departments which meet monthly. At this time there are two Study Groups: a seminar on Bion through Skype offered by Dra. Silvia Neborak and another on Nietzsche dictated by Dra. Leticia Molina.
As regards to the activities at SPM outside the institution itself, we have educational participation at the Interdisciplinary Residencies of Mental Health and at a university level, in the chair of Psychoanalysis of the English School of Psychoanalysis at Aconcagua University. In assistential activity, work is being done at the infant-juvenile attention centre.
We also offer application courses directed at physicians and psychologists. At the moment two courses are being offered; one on Psychoanalytical Psychotherapy with a monthly meeting and another, The Reading of Freud, with a bimonthly encounter. Courses have also been given to psychologists in San Rafael, which is in the south of Mendoza, for many years and also seminars for precandidates of the Study Groups recently approved by IPA, in our neighboring province of San Luis.
The Psychoanalytical Society of Mendoza integrates the list of recognized Scientific Societies by the ‘Círculo Médico’ of Mendoza.