Psychoanalysis is both a theory of the human mind and a therapeutic practice. It was founded by Sigmund Freud between 1885 and 1939 and continues to be developed by psychoanalysts all over the world. Psychoanalysis has four major areas of application:
as a theory of how the mind works
- as a treatment method for psychic problems
- as a method of research, and
- as a way of viewing cultural and social phenomena like literature, art, movies, performances, politics and groups.